Thurgood Marshall, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

  • Born: July 2, 1908; Baltimore, Md. 
  • Educated: Lincoln University; Howard University Law School, LL.B., 1933 
  • Married: First wife Vivian Burney died in February 1955, Survived by second wife Cecilia A. Suyat 
  • Nominated: June 13, 1967, by President Lyndon B. Johnson 
  • Commissioned: Aug. 30, 1967 
  • Dates of Service: Aug. 30, 1967 to June 27, 1991 
  • Died: Jan. 24, 1993, Bethesda, MD.

In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Marshall to the United States Supreme Court. Marshall was the first African-American appointed to the Supreme Court, and during his 24-year tenure, he was the only black justice. He obtained his law degree from Howard University in 1933, graduating first in his class. After graduation, Marshall began practicing law in his hometown of Baltimore, Md. One of his first civil-rights cases was an effort to gain admission for a black man to the University of Maryland Law School.

Marshall won all but three of the 32 cases he argued before the Supreme Court. One of his most famous landmark cases he won was the 1954 Brown ruling ending 'separate but equal' school systems.

Marshall said at a 1991 news conference on his retirement that he wished to be remembered with 10 words: 'That he did what he could with what he had.'