Medicine

Gravestone of medical pioneer Dr. Walter Reed

Doctors

Alexander Thomas Augusta, U.S. Army (1825-1890) — Augusta was the U.S. Army's first African American physician, the United States' first black hospital administrator (Freedman's Hospital, Washington, D.C.) and its first black professor of medicine (Howard University). Commissioned during the Civil War as regimental surgeon of the 7th Infantry of the U.S. Colored Troops, Lt. Col. Augusta became the highest-ranking black officer in the Union army. (Section 1, Grave 124-C)

Ollie Josephine B. Bennett, U.S Army (1873-1957) — Bennett was the first female medical officer commissioned in the U.S. Army Medical Corps, commissioned as a first lieutenant in 1918. (Section 10, Grave 10938LH)

Joel T. Boone, U.S. Navy (1889-1974) — The most highly decorated medical officer in the history of the U.S. armed services, Vice Admiral Boone was awarded the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross and the Silver Star (six-time recipient) for his service in World War I. Subsequently, he was the personal physician of presidents Harding, Coolidge and Hoover. (Section 11, Grave 137-2)

Michael E. DeBakey, U.S. Army (1908-2008) — A cardiovascular surgeon, Col. DeBakey developed a "roller pump" that enabled open-heart surgery. During World War II, he helped develop the Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) unit, for which he was awarded the Legion of Merit. (Section 34, 399-A) 

Cary T. Grayson, U.S. Navy (1878-1938) — A naval physician and surgeon, Grayson was a confidant of President Woodrow Wilson, who commissioned him as a rear admiral in 1916. He headed the Red Cross from 1935 until his death in 1938. (Section 30, Grave S-24)

Jonathan Letterman, U.S. Army (1824-1872) — Surgeon general of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War, Major Letterman has been called "the father of battlefield medicine." (Section 3, Grave 1869)

Anita Newcomb McGee, U.S. Army (1864-1940) — During the Spanish-American War (1898), McGee served as acting assistant surgeon of the U.S. Army and founder of the Army Nurse Corps. She also led efforts to erect the Spanish-American War Nurses Monument at Arlington National Cemetery. (Section 1, Grave 526B)

Walter Reed, U.S. Army (1851-1902) — Serving in the U.S. Army Medical Corps in Cuba during the Spanish-American War, Major Reed was a pioneering bacteriologist whose experiments confirmed the mosquito transmission of yellow fever. (Section 3, Grave 1864)

Albert Bruce Sabin, U.S. Army (1906-1993) — Sabin is best known as the inventor of the oral polio vaccine. Serving in the U.S. Army Medical Corps during World War II, Lt. Col. Sabin also helped develop a vaccine against Japanese encephalitis. (Section 3, Grave 1885-RH)

Charles G. Sonntag, U.S. Army (1873-1937) — As a soldier in Cuba during the Spanish-American War, Pvt. Sonntag volunteered to be infected with yellow fever, risking his life to help Maj. Walter Reed develop his breakthrough findings on mosquito transmission of the disease. (Section 17, Grave 28239)

George M. Sternberg, U.S. Army (1838-1915) — Sternberg was U.S. surgeon general from 1893 to 1902. Considered the first U.S. bacteriologist, he conducted important research on yellow fever, malaria and typhoid fever. Brig. Gen. Sternberg served in the Civil War, Indian Wars and the Spanish-American War. (Section 2, Grave 994)

Richard R. Taylor, U.S. Army (1922-1978) — Surgeon general of the U.S. Army from 1973 to 1977, Lt. Gen. Taylor served in Korea and Vietnam. (Section 3, Grave 1865)

Morton D. Willcutts, U.S. Navy (1889-1976) — As vice admiral of the U.S. Navy Medical Corps, Willicut led the review board to investigate the death of Secretary of Defense James V. Forrestal in 1949, which resulted in the Willcutts Report. (Section 6, Grave 9430-RH)


Nurses 

Gravestone of Brig. Gen. Hazel W. Johnson-Brown, an Army nurse who was the first African American woman to become a general officerJane Delano, U.S. Army (1862-1919) — A pioneering military nurse before and during World War I, Delano served as superintendent of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps from 1909 to 1912, and in 1909 founded the Red Cross Nursing Service. (Section 21, Grave 6)

Juanita Redmond Hipps, U.S. Army (1912-1979) — During World War II, Hipps served as a U.S. Army nurse in the Philippines and chronicled her experiences in a bestselling book, "I Served on Bataan" (1943). Reaching the rank of lieutenant colonel, Hipps also helped to establish the Army Air Corps flight nurse program. (Section 21, Grave 769-1)

Juliet Ann Opie Hopkins (1818-1890) — A Confederate nurse known as the "Florence Nightingale of the South" during the Civil War, Opie converted three Virginia tobacco factories into hospitals. (Section 1, Grave 12-A)

Hazel W. Johnson-Brown, U.S. Army (1927-2011) — The first African American woman to attain a general officer rank in American military history, Johnson-Brown was appointed in 1979 as chief of the Army Nurse Corps with the rank of brigadier general. She served in the U.S. Army from 1955 to 1983. (Section 60, Grave 9836)

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