Monuments on Memorial Avenue

Memorial Drive

The entrance to Arlington National Cemetery extends across the Potomac River to near the Lincoln Memorial at the eastern edge of the Memorial Bridge. The Memorial Bridge, Memorial Avenue and the entrance to the cemetery were designed as a single project and were dedicated on January 16, 1932 by President Herbert Hoover.

The Memorial Bridge was intended as a symbolic link, binding the North and South together into one great Union. The theme of national unity continued as Architects McKim, Meade & White designed the bridge to extend along an axis joining two great symbols of our nation: the Lincoln Memorial and the Robert E. Lee Memorial at Arlington House.

Connecting the bridge to the cemetery gates is a parkway known as Memorial Avenue. Along this parkway is the rotary intersection with the George Washington Memorial Parkway. At night, as visitors approach Arlington along Memorial Avenue, the eternal flame, which marks President John F. Kennedy's grave, is visible on the hillside. Also located along Memorial Avenue are several memorials and monuments that are not part of Arlington National Cemetery. These include the Seabees Memorial, the Armored Memorial, the United Spanish War Veterans Memorial (the Hiker), the monument to Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, the 101st Airborne Division Memorial, and the 4 Infantry (IVY) Division Monument. Near the Seabees Memorial is the Arlington Cemetery Metro stop. Memorial Avenue ends at the Women in Military Service for America Memorial. The memorial was dedicated in 1997 to honor the women who have served in the United States Armed Forces.

From the Women in Military Service for America Memorial, roads lead both north and south through a pair of ornate wrought iron gates. The set of gates on the north is called Schley Gate after Admiral Winfield Scott Schley. The set of gates on the south side is called Roosevelt Gate in honor of President Theodore Roosevelt. In the center of each gate is mounted a gold wreath, 30 inches in diameter. Set within each wreath is a shield with the seal of one of the military services. On the Roosevelt Gate are the seals for the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army and on the Schley Gate are the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard seals. When the gates were installed, the United States Air Force was still a branch of the Army and so its own seal does not appear.

The Memorial Bridge, Memorial Avenue and the monuments that line it, the Memorial Entrance and the Robert E. Lee Memorial (Arlington House) all fall within the jurisdiction of the National Park Service.